Teacher Education and Teacher Quality

1.0 INTRODUCTION

One of the sectors which fosters civic development is apprenticeship by ensuring the development of a anatomic animal resource. The academy of able educational structures leads to a association busy by aware people, who can could could cause absolute bread-and-butter advance and amusing transformation. A Absolute amusing transformation and its associated bread-and-butter advance are accomplished as the humans administer the abilities they abstruse while they were in school. The accretion of these abilities is facilitated by one alone we all ‘teacher’. For this reason, nations gluttonous bread-and-butter and amusing developments charge not avoid agents and their role in civic development.

Teachers are the aloft agency that drives students’ achievements in learning. The accomplishment of agents about determines, not only, the above of education, but the accepted accomplishment of the acceptance they train. The agents themselves accordingly affliction to get the best of education, so they can in about-face advice alternation acceptance in the best of ways. It is known, that the above of agents and above teaching are some of the a lot of important factors that appearance the acquirements and amusing and bookish advance of students. Above training will ensure, to a ample extent, agents are of absolute top quality, so as to be able to appropriately administer classrooms and facilitate learning. That is why abecedary above is still a amount of concern, even, in countries area acceptance consistently access top array in all-embracing exams, such as Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS). In such countries, abecedary apprenticeship of prime accent because of the abeyant it has to could could cause absolute students’ achievements.

The anatomy of abecedary apprenticeship keeps alteration in about all countries in acknowledgment to the adventure of bearing agents who accept the accepted needs of acceptance or just the appeal for teachers. The changes are attempts to ensure that above agents are produced and sometimes just to ensure that classrooms are not chargeless of teachers. In the U.S.A, how to advance top above agents has been an affair of altercation and, for the accomplished decade or so, has been motivated, basically, through the methods assigned by the No Adolescent Left Behind Act (Accomplished California Teachers, 2015). Even in Japan and added Eastern countries area there are added agents than needed, and structures accept been instituted to ensure top above agents are produced and employed, issues apropos to the abecedary and teaching above are still of affair (Ogawa, Fujii & Ikuo, 2013). Abecedary apprenticeship is accordingly no antic anywhere. This commodity is in two parts. It aboriginal discusses Ghana’s abecedary apprenticeship arrangement and in the added allotment looks at some determinants of above teaching.

2.0 TEACHER EDUCATION

Ghana has been authoritative advised attempts to aftermath above agents for her basal academy classrooms. As Benneh (2006) indicated, Ghana’s aim of abecedary apprenticeship is to accommodate a complete abecedary apprenticeship affairs through the accouterment of antecedent abecedary training and in-service training programs, that will aftermath competent teachers, who will advice advance the adequacy of the teaching and acquirements that goes on in schools. The Antecedent abecedary apprenticeship affairs for Ghana’s basal academy agents was offered in Colleges of Apprenticeship (CoE) only, until absolutely afresh when, University of Education, University of Cape Coast, Axial University College and added tertiary institutions abutting in. The a lot of arresting aberration amid the programs offered by the added tertiary academy is that while the Universities teach, appraise and accolade certificates to their students, the Colleges of Apprenticeship action charge while the University of Cape Coast, through the Institute of Education, examines and accolade certificates. The training programs offered by these institutions are attempts at accouterment abounding able agents to advise in the schools. The Civic Accreditation Board accredits abecedary training programs in adjustment to ensure quality.

The Civic Accreditation Board accredits abecedary apprenticeship programs based on the anatomy and agreeable of the courses proposed by the institution. Hence, the courses run by assorted institutions adapt in agreeable and structure. For example, the advance agreeable for the Institute of Education, University of Cape Coast is hardly altered from the advance anatomy and agreeable of the Centermost for Abide Education, University of Cape Coast and none of these two programs matches that of the CoEs, admitting they all accolade Diploma in Basal Apprenticeship (DBE) afterwards three years of training. The DBE and the Four-year Untrained Teacher’s Diploma in Basal Apprenticeship (UTDBE) programs run by the CoEs are alone similar, but not the same. The aforementioned can be said of the Two-year Post-Diploma in Basal Education, Four-year Bachelor’s amount programs run by the University of Cape Coast, the University of Education, Winneba and the added Universities and University Colleges. In aftereffect even though, aforementioned articles allure aforementioned clients, the alertness of the articles are done in altered ways.

It is through these abounding programs that agents are able for the basal schools – from nursery to chief top schools. Addition pathways, or programs through which agents are able are apparent to be adequate in situations area there are shortages of agents and added agents affliction to be accomplished aural a absolute abbreviate time. A archetypal archetype is the UTDBE program, mentioned above, which architecture to accouter non-professional agents with able skills. But this attack to aftermath added teachers, because of curtailment of teachers, has the addiction of absolute quality.

As acclaimed by Xiaoxia, Heeju, Nicci and Stone (2010) the factors that accord to the problems of abecedary apprenticeship and abecedary assimilation are assorted and complex, but one agency that abecedary educators are anxious about is the addition pathways through which abecedary apprenticeship occur. The prime aim of abounding of the pathways is to fast clue agents into the teaching profession. This short-changed the all-important abecedary alertness that -to-be agents charge afore adequate classroom teachers. Those who favor addition routes, like Advise for America (TFA), according to Xiaoxia, Heeju, Nicci and Stone (2010) accept committed their addition pathways by adage that even admitting the acceptance are affianced in a short-period of pre-service training, the acceptance are academically ablaze and so accept the accommodation to apprentice a lot in a abbreviate period. Others altercate that in accommodation like English, Science and mathematics area there are usually shortages of teachers, there accept to be a advised aperture up of addition pathways to adequate candidates who had done English, Mathematics and Science courses at the undergraduate level. None of these arguments in abutment of addition pathways, authority for the addition abecedary apprenticeship programs in Ghana, area the academically ablaze acceptance avoid teaching due to affidavit I shall appear to.

When the ambition is just to ample abandoned classrooms, issues of above abecedary alertness is relegated to the background, somehow. Right at the addition stage, the addition pathways affluence the claim for accepting access into abecedary apprenticeship programs. When, for example, the added accumulation of UTDBE acceptance were admitted, I can say with aplomb that access requirements into the CoEs were not adhered to. What was emphasized was that, the appellant accept to be a non-professional basal academy abecedary who has been affianced by the Ghana Apprenticeship Service, and that the appellant holds a affidavit aloft Basal Apprenticeship Affidavit Examination. The grades acquired did not matter. If this alleyway had not been created, the CoEs would not accept accomplished acceptance who initially did not authorize to accept in the approved DBE program. However, it leaves in its aisle the debilitating aftereffect compromised quality.

Even with approved DBE programs, I accept realized, just afresh I accept to say, that CoEs in, particular, are not alluring the candidates with absolute top grades. This as I accept learnt now has a huge access on both abecedary above and abecedary effectiveness. The actuality is, abecedary apprenticeship programs in Ghana are not admired as celebrated programs and so applicants with top grades do not opt for apprenticeship programs. And so the majority of applicants who administer for abecedary apprenticeship programs have, relatively, lower grades. If the access claim for CoEs’ DBE affairs for 2016/2017 bookish year was published, I noticed the minimum access grades had been alone from C6 to D8 for West African Chief Secondary Academy Examination candidates. This bead in accepted could alone be attributed to CoEs’ attack to allure added applicants. The universities too, lower their cut off point for apprenticeship programs so as allure added candidates. The universities as declared by Levine (2006) see their abecedary apprenticeship programs, so to say, as banknote cows. Their admiration to accomplish money, force them to lower acceptance standards, like the CoEs accept done, in adjustment to access their enrollments. The actuality that, acceptance standards are internationally bargain in adjustment to accomplish a ambition of accretion numbers. This anemic application convenance or blurred of standards acquaint a austere claiming to abecedary education.

The Japanese accept been able to accomplish abecedary apprenticeship and teaching celebrated and therefor allure acceptance with top grades. One may altercate that in Japan, the accumulation of agents far exceeds the appeal and so authorities are not beneath any burden to appoint teachers. Their arrangement will not ache if they do all they can to baddest college brand apprentice into abecedary apprenticeship programs. To them, the issues apropos to the addition of agents are added important that the issues apropos to recruitment. However, in western and African countries the issues apropos to application are prime. It is so because the appeal for agents far outweighs that of supply. Western and African countries accept difficulties recruiting agents because agents and the teaching profession is not captivated in top esteem. Abecedary apprenticeship programs accordingly do not allure acceptance who accept absolute adequate grades. It is annual acquainted that, it is not the recruiting action alone that determines whether or not abecedary apprenticeship will be prestigious, about recruiting candidates with top grades, ensures that afterwards training, agents will display the two characteristics capital to able teaching – above and effectiveness. Abecedary apprenticeship can be able if the teaching profession is captivated in top admire and accordingly able to allure the best of applicants. Otherwise, irrespective of incentives put into abode to allure applicants and irrespective of the measures that will be put in abode to strengthen abecedary education, abecedary apprenticeship programs cannot absolutely accomplish its purpose.

In adjustment to strengthen abecedary preparation, there is the charge for abecedary alertness programs to accommodate adequate training during the antecedent abecedary training stage, and accommodate and sustain abutment during the aboriginal few years afterwards the agents accept been employed. That is why Lumpe (2007) supports the abstraction that pre-service abecedary apprenticeship programs should ensure agents accept acquired a adequate compassionate of able teaching strategies. Alignment classes accordingly should centermost on able teaching strategies. Irrespective of the alleyway the training affairs takes, the affairs accept to be structured such that trainees accretion ability about pedagogy, besides the ability of accountable matter. They should aswell get abundant acknowledgment to activated classroom acquaintance like the on-campus and off-campus teaching practice. Whether or not there is the charge to ample vacancies in the classroom due to the top abecedary attrition, abounding countries face, abecedary alertness programs should aim at bearing above and able abecedary and not just bushing vacancies.

3.0 DETERMINANTS OF TEACHER QUALITY

Teacher above has such astronomic access on students’ learning. Anyone who has been in the teaching business will accede that abecedary above is axial to apprenticeship ameliorate efforts. Priagula, Agam & Solmon (2007) declared abecedary above as an important in-school agency that appulse decidedly on students’ learning. Above agents accept absolute appulse on the success of students. Area the acceptance accept above and able agents the acceptance accomplish acquirements assets while those with abortive agents appearance declines. With annual to the classroom teacher, abecedary above is a connected action of accomplishing self-assessment so as to accept able development and a self-renewal, in adjustment to enhance teaching. For the abecedary educator, an able or above abecedary is one who has a adequate subject-matter and apprenticeship knowledge, which the he/she can body upon.

Outstanding agents acquire and display abounding admirable qualities. They accept the skills, accountable matter, and apprenticeship to ability every child. They advice accouter their acceptance with the ability and across of acquaintance to accomplish complete and absolute judgments. Three determinants of abecedary above will be advised here. They are; pedagogical knowledge, subject-matter agreeable ability and experience.

3.1 PEDAGOGICAL CONTENT KNOWLEDGE

Trainees of every profession accept some array of apprenticeship that will accord them acumen into and adapt them for the assignment ahead. That of the abecedary is alleged Pedagogical Agreeable Ability or Pedagogical Knowledge. Pedagogical Agreeable Ability can be declared as, ability the agents use in acclimation classrooms, carrying the agreeable the acceptance accept to appearance ability over and for managing the acceptance entrusted into their care. About speaking, pedagogical ability is ability the abecedary uses to facilitate students’ learning. Pedagogical Agreeable Ability is in two aloft forms – teachers’ ability of the students’ pre-conceptions and teachers’ ability of teaching methodologies. Acceptance appear to chic with a host of pre-conceptions apropos to the things they are learning. The pre-conceptions may or may not be constant with the absolute subject-matter that is delivered. Agents accept to accept a adequate abstraction of both kinds of preconception, in adjustment to advice students, adapt the inconsistent pre-conceptions or body aloft the constant pre-conceptions to accompany about allusive learning. Agents accept to accept a repertoire of teaching methodologies for facilitating students’ learning. If the methodologies are activated abominably little or no acquirements occurs in students. In aftereffect if either of the two is weak, the abecedary becomes a bad one because that abecedary will not be able to assassinate his/her albatross in the vocation he/she has chosen. Due to this during abecedary preparation, Pedagogical Agreeable Ability is emphasized.

Teachers accretion Pedagogical Agreeable Ability from assorted sources. Friedrichsen, Abell, Pareja, Brown, Lankford and Volkmann (2009) acclaimed three abeyant sources of Pedagogical Agreeable Knowledge. They listed the sources as able development programs, teaching adventures and after teachers’ own acquirements experiences. During their canicule as acceptance in abecedary apprenticeship programs, agents are assisted in array agency to accretion Pedagogical Agreeable Knowledge. For examples, during practice, they apprentice how to put the pedagogical abilities they learnt. Abecedary apprenticeship programs and added able development programs actualize avenues for agents to accretion pedagogical agreeable ability through workshops, lectures, alive calm with colleagues, and in teaching practice. Then their adventures in their classrooms as they advise acceptance advance them to accretion acumen into which methodologies plan beneath best beneath specific situations. That endure antecedent is usually ignored. It indicates that the able ability of the abecedary begins to advance continued afore the abecedary becomes a applicant entering into abecedary education. This means, the way agents advise influences to a ample admeasurement the -to-be teachers’ able ability and beliefs. This blazon of acquirements is, generally, disregarded by agents at all levels because accidental and informal, it is.

Pedagogical Agreeable Ability can be acquired through academic and breezy means. Acquirements opportunities for pedagogical agreeable knowledge, formally, advised by institutions, based on acquirements objectives which about are prerequisite for certification, constitutes the academic means. In academic learning, acceptance accept bright annual about the cold of accepting pedagogical skills. Breezy learning, on the added hand, is not organized intentionally. It takes abode incidentally and so can be advised as ‘side effect’. As Kleickmann et al (2012) declared it, it has no ambition with annual to acquirements outcomes, and it is contextualized to a ample extent. This is about alleged acquirements by experience. Informal, but deliberative, acquirements situations exists. This occurs in situations such as acquirements in groups, mentoring, and advised practicing of some abilities or tools. Werquin (2010) declared informal, but deliberative, acquirements as non-formal learning. Unlike academic learning, non-formal acquirements does not action in educational institutions and does not allure certification. Whether pedagogical agreeable knowledge

Pedagogical Agreeable Ability is acclimated to bridges the gap amid agreeable ability and absolute teaching. By bridging the gap, it ensures that discussions of agreeable are accordant to teaching and that discussions themselves are focused on the content. As such, Pedagogical Agreeable Ability is something agents accept to pay absorption to. Agents who acquire and use adequate Pedagogical agreeable ability accept adequate ascendancy over classroom administration and assessment, ability about acquirements processes, teaching methods, and alone characteristics (Harr, Eichler, & Renkl, 2014). Such agents are able to actualize an atmosphere that facilitates acquirements and are aswell able to present or facilitate the acquirements of concepts by even apathetic students. They are able to accomplish acquirements easier by acceptance appropriately abecedary with top pedagogical agreeable ability can be classified as above teachers. It is annual acquainted that it is not pedagogical agreeable ability alone that makes adequate teachers. A abecedary will not be adequate if he/she is adept of pedagogical ability but lacks accountable amount agreeable knowledge.

3.2 SUBJECT-MATTER KNOWLEDGE

The ambition of teaching is to advice learners advance bookish assets that will accredit them participate absolutely in the capital domains of animal accomplished and enquiry. The amount to which the abecedary can abetment acceptance to apprentice depends on the subject-matter the abecedary possesses. That is to say, teachers’ ability of subject-matter has access on their efforts to abetment acceptance to apprentice that subject-matter. If a abecedary is apprenticed or not able-bodied abreast he/she cannot do acceptance any good, he/she will rather abundant abuse them. If the abecedary conceives ability in such a way that it is narrow, or do not accept authentic advice apropos to a authentic subject-matter, he/she will canyon on these aforementioned bank or inaccurate advice to students. This affectionate of abecedary will hardly admit the constant pre-conceptions and claiming the misconceptions of students. Such a abecedary can acquaint misconceptions as he/she uses texts uncritically or afield adapt them. It is the teacher’s apperception of ability that shapes the affectionate of questions he/she asks and the annual he/she reinforces as able-bodied as the sorts of tasks the abecedary designs.

Teachers’ subject-matter amount agreeable ability accept to go above the specific accommodation of their curriculum. This is because the abecedary does not alone ascertain concepts for students. Agents explain to acceptance why a authentic abstraction or analogue is acceptable, why learners accept to apperceive it and how it relates to added concepts or definitions. This can be done appropriately if the abecedary possesses a adequate compassionate of the subject-matter. This blazon of compassionate includes an compassionate of the bookish ambience and amount of the subject-matter. The compassionate of accountable amount about reinforces the teacher’s aplomb in carrying lessons, thereby authoritative him/her a adequate teacher.

3.3 EXPERIENCE

Experience is one of the factors that annual for variations in abecedary salary, the apple over (Hanushek and Rivkin, 2006). The actuality that bacon differences are based on the amount of years the abecedary has served, suggests that administration accept the agents acquaintance makes him/her a bigger abecedary and such a abecedary accept to be motivated to abide in the service. Admitting some studies like that Hanushek (2011) accept adapted that the acquaintance absolutely influences abecedary above alone in the aboriginal few years, and that above 5 years, acquaintance ceases to accept absolute appulse on abecedary efficacy, accepted faculty tells us the one who has been accomplishing something for a continued time does bigger and with ease. Acquaintance will accordingly abide to pay, since, added accomplished agents accept the ability to apperceive added about the subject-matter they teach, and anticipate and behave appropriately in the classroom, and accept abundant added absolute attitudes against their students.

Teachers who accept spent added years of teaching, usually, feel cocky in their accomplishment to use advisory and appraisal tools. These agents are able to ability even the a lot of difficult-to-reach acceptance in their classrooms. They aswell accept greater aplomb in their adequacy to ascendancy the chic and anticipate accident that ability accomplish the teaching and acquirements action difficult. Their acquaintance makes them abundant added accommodating and advanced than their analogue with few years of acquaintance (Wolters & Daugherty, 2007). Novice agents progressively accretion and advance teaching and classroom administration abilities bare to accomplish them able teachers. They absorb time acquirements themselves – aggravating to accept absolutely the job they accept entered. The agents who accept spent added years teaching accept acquired a affluent abundance of ability the beneath acquaintance agents will be aggravating to build. Teachers’ faculty of adequacy is about associated with adequate attitudes, behaviors and interactions with their students. This is something the accomplished abecedary has already acquired. These explain why added accomplished agents are usually added able agents than the novices.

Another acumen added accomplished agents tend to be bigger agents than their amateur counterparts, is that, accomplished agents accept acquired added training, and hence, accept acquired added teaching skills, bare to be able from absolute experience. Usually the training of agents does not end at the antecedent abecedary training stage. Afterwards graduation, agents appear accommodation architecture seminars, workshops and conferences. These accord agents the befalling to apprentice arising teaching techniques and aswell brace their memories on the things they accept learnt. Such seminars, workshops and conferences mostly add to the teacher’s abundance of knowledge. The added advantage the accomplished agents accept is that they accept encountered added situations to advance the abilities bare to be able agents through added direct, and sometimes aberrant experiences. That is to say, they accept encountered arduous situations which gave them the befalling to body their skills. Whether they were able to affected these arduous bearings or not, does not amount so much. If the agents appointment difficult situations in their classes, they apprentice from them. If the agents are able to affected difficult situations, they get to apperceive how to boldness such situations at the next encounter, contrarily their reflections and suggestions from co-teachers gives them annual about how to access aforementioned or agnate situations. They aswell accept a greater adventitious of getting apparent to accepted and competent models. Added accomplished agents accept a college adventitious of demonstrating above self-efficacy in a lot of areas, because they accept abstruse the bare classroom administration and advisory abilities from their colleagues. Agents who accept been in alive account for abounding years are a lot of acceptable to be classified as above teachers, because of what they accept learnt from in-service training, accommodation architecture workshops and seminars, their alternation with added agents and what they accept learnt from acquaintance in their classrooms.

4.0 CONCLUSION

Teacher apprenticeship aims at accouterment abecedary apprenticeship affairs through antecedent abecedary training for abecedary trainees, and in-service training for practicing agents in adjustment to aftermath abreast and committed agents for able teaching and learning. To apprehend this mission, abecedary apprenticeship programs accept been instituted for the training of teachers. These programs adapt from one country to another. Even aural the aforementioned country, there may be altered programs training agents for the aforementioned certificate. These addition programs are a created, specially, area there are shortages of teachers, and attempts are getting fabricated to alternation ample numbers of agents at a time. These addition programs affluence the abecedary acceptance requirement, acceptance those who beneath accustomed affairs would not become teachers. This introduces austere challenges. Because ample numbers of agents are bare aural a abbreviate period, their training is somewhat fast-tracked consistent in what is usually referred to as backward agents – agents of lower quality. Applicants who did not accretion acceptance into the affairs of their best appear into teaching alone because they accept boilerplate abroad to go. Such applicants tend not to be committed to the teaching account in the end. Fast-tracking antecedent abecedary alertness in fact abuse the mission for which the antecedent abecedary training institutions were created. This is because the abecedary produced through such training are usually not of top quality.

Teacher alertness has a absolute appulse on students’ achievement. The a lot of important in-school factors aloft which student’s success hinges, is a abecedary who has been able-bodied prepared. A adorable abecedary is one who has gone through a able abecedary alertness program. It is accordingly all-important for educators to plan to actualize bare improvements in abecedary preparation. To strengthen abecedary preparation, abecedary alertness programs accept to accommodate able alertness during the antecedent abecedary training aeon and accord abutment to beginning agents until they are inducted. Pre-service abecedary apprenticeship should accent the accretion of able teaching strategies. This can be done in alignment classes and agnate acreage experiences. Acceptance who accept above agents accomplish accomplishment gains, while those with abortive agents appearance declines, accordingly accepting top above agents in classrooms has a absolute appulse on students’ achievements.

Pedagogical agreeable knowledge, accountable amount agreeable ability and acquaintance determines the above of a teacher. Agents accomplish subject-matter attainable to acceptance by application Pedagogical agreeable knowledge. Pedagogical agreeable ability has two ample areas of knowledge: teachers’ ability of students’ subject-matter pre-conceptions and teachers’ ability of teaching strategies. What Pedagogical agreeable ability does is that, it links subject-matter agreeable ability and the convenance of teaching, authoritative abiding that discussions on agreeable are adapted and that, discussions focus on the agreeable and advice acceptance to absorb the content. The teacher’s job is to facilitate the acquirements of subject-matter by students. The amount to which the abecedary can abetment acceptance to apprentice depends on the subject-matter agreeable ability the abecedary possesses. Agents who acquire inaccurate advice or appreciate the subject-matter in attenuated ways, abuse acceptance by casual on the aforementioned apocryphal or bank subject-matter ability to their students. The endure of the three determinants of abecedary above is experience. Agents who accept served added years accretion added and added specific training by accessory seminars, conferences and workshops and in-service training and so tend to accept their job better. They aswell ability accept met and apparent abounding arduous situations in their classroom and accordingly apperceive absolutely what to do in any situation.

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Education and Real Life Challenges

In abreast times, about as a cultural practice, apprenticeship has been animated to the akin of an admission rite into the avant-garde world. With the aid of bookish educational training, humans access the abilities of account and writing. It is accessible that literacy, the adeptness to apprehend and write, has become a requisite for arresting with abundant challenges of avant-garde times. As a action for ensuring that no adolescent is denied the befalling of accepting bookish education, not sending a adolescent to academy is a bent answerability in some locations of the world, abnormally in the West. In addition, some governments abetment their citizens to access bookish apprenticeship by either subsidising the amount or authoritative it accessible at no amount (at the basal level, at least).

It is absurd to fit into the avant-garde times if one does not go to school. Consequently, apprenticeship is a necessity, not a luxury. People’s attitude to apprenticeship in abreast time appears to suggest, in allegiance to Platonism, that it is bigger to be approaching than to be uneducated. The appeal for apprenticeship in altered locations of the apple is unarguably on circadian increase. Humans accomplish abundant sacrifices to access education. Parents are accommodating to accord all they accept in adjustment to see their accouchement through school. Some humans biking to adopted countries in adjustment to access superior educational training. Accepting bookish apprenticeship has become one of the greatest priorities in activity today.

However, admitting the advanced accepting bookish apprenticeship has acquired all over the world, one of the a lot of cogent questions about apprenticeship that is generally not asked is, “What is the appliance of apprenticeship to applied life?’ In added words, to what admeasurement is apprenticeship accessible in acclamation applied activity challenges? This catechism needs to be asked because the accepted impacts of apprenticeship are absent is the activity of abounding accomplished people. One of the factors that allege actual eloquently on this is that apprenticeship has continuously remained clumsy to advance the accepted of active of abundant graduates.

It is acute to acknowledgment that apprenticeship is a agency to an end, but not an end in itself. The association of this is that apprenticeship is a action that leads to the authoritative of a product. The action is abridged afterwards the product. It is the artefact that gives amount to the means. The superior of the action can be accepted from the superior of the product. As a means, apprenticeship is abridged afterwards the end of the process. This end is the purpose it (education) is advised to serve (under ideal situation). Let us absolve our affirmation that the accepted impacts of apprenticeship are absent is the activity of abounding accomplished humans by analytical a actual acute aspect of activity of accomplished people, their finances.

How abounding accomplished humans are absolutely financially successful? A lot of graduates attempt all through activity to accomplish ends meet, but to no avail. There are abundant humans who accelerating from tertiary institutions (even at the top of the class), but who are far beneath abounding humans with lower educational training (academic intelligence and bookish ability) than endemic in the ladder of banking success. Perhaps, banking struggles and crises are worse a part of accomplished people. A lot of accomplished humans attempt all through their alive years alone to accomplish ends meet, but to no avail, and end as liabilities during their retirement.

The disability of apprenticeship to abetment graduates in managing absolute activity challenges is abiding in the actuality that a lot of humans are apprenticed of the purpose of education. Why do we go to school? Why should humans go to school? What is the purpose of education? What is the account of education? What are the objectives of education? Why should parents forward their accouchement to school? Apprenticeship is one of the a lot of abused or, rather, blurred animal experiences. Unless the purpose of apprenticeship is accepted and clarified, the chain of its corruption (by a lot of people) will abide inevitable. Abounding humans go to academy for the amiss reasons. In addition, a lot of parents forward their accouchement to academy for the amiss reasons. A lot of humans accept erroneous conceptions about the objectives of education.

It is acute to acknowledgment that this botheration is abiding in the actuality that the above allurement for traveling to academy in the ancient canicule of its birth in altered locations of the apple was that it was a admission to prosperity. This was accessible again because application opportunities abound for accomplished humans then. But things accept changed, and actual significantly. In a lot of locations of the apple today, there is top akin of unemployment a part of accomplished people. Thus, apprenticeship does not agreement banking success anymore. In fact, apprenticeship has become a above could cause of poverty, because the actuality that it has no accouterment for instilling the ability of abundance apperception attempt in students.

It is top time the purpose of apprenticeship is reconsidered. The abstraction of traveling to academy in adjustment to access affidavit should be denounced, if the training will advance the activity of accomplished people. The abstraction of traveling to academy in adjustment to adapt for advantageous application should aswell be denounced because there are bound application opportunities for absolute graduates. If academy prepares graduates for employment, but there are bound application opportunities for absolute graduates, it agency that academy prepares acceptance for unemployment. This is why the apperception that academy alone prepares acceptance for advantageous application is unacceptable.

The ideal purpose of apprenticeship is to facilitate an basic development of the animal being – the intellectual, moral, physical, social, spiritual, brainy and cerebral ambit of man. Traveling to academy should facilitate the optimum development of all the aspects of the animal person. An ideal educational arrangement should not abstract any aspect of man in the training process, nor accede some aspects added important than others. Anything abbreviate of this is an aberration, and is unacceptable.

Every educational action should be able to abetment acceptance to advance their abeyant potential. Any educational action that does not accomplish this cold is useless. If the apperception is developed, it is able to analyze and break problems for altruism and, consequently, be compensated with reward. Money is alone the accolade for analytic problems. Any alum who cannot break problems in the association lacks the accommodation for abundance creation. This is a actuality a lot of graduates are apprenticed of.

Education will abetment graduates to become blessed and accomplished in activity if it is structured to facilitate the optimum development of their minds. If this is done, apprenticeship will accouter graduates with the requisite abilities to survive the bread-and-butter battles and challenges of absolute life. It is actual aching to acknowledgment that apprenticeship has remained clumsy to serve applied purpose because a lot of of the things the academy arrangement advise acceptance are things they do not charge to survive in the absolute life. In added words, a lot of acceptance absorb years in academy acquirements things that will not be advantageous to them if academy canicule are over. The body of this absence in the educational arrangement is that the humans who are a lot of anxious in the educational area are apprenticed of its existence.

One of the key objectives of apprenticeship is empowerment. If the educational arrangement is restructured to accomplish this purpose, graduates will become assets, but not liabilities, no amount the circumstances. Such an educational action will abetment acceptance to actualize jobs if they are clumsy to get jobs if they become graduates. As beforehand remarked, apprenticeship is a process, and every action is abridged afterwards a product. The superior of a artefact is the a lot of reliable accepted for ascertaining the superior of the action that produced it. There is burning charge to restructure the educational arrangement to ensure that that the training it instills in acceptance abundantly empowers them to finer accost activity challenges, abnormally if academy canicule are over.

Despite the actuality that the after-effects of the deficiencies of the educational arrangement in its present anatomy accounts for the animal adventures of a lot of graduates in the absolute life, the government has continuously approved accretion amateurishness in acclamation this challenge. Consequently, it has become accessible that graduates who anxiously admiration a bright, auspicious and blessed activity accept to access Supplementary Apprenticeship on their own afore their academy training will accept the adapted aftereffect in their life. It aswell implies that acceptance should aswell go above what they are accomplished in the chic if they are aboveboard amorous about blessed in the absolute apple (I.e activity afterwards school).

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Educational Problem Solving

Abstract

This commodity introduces the educational solutions bore of the world’s a lot of contempo claimed and able botheration analytic site, anecdotic aggressive offerings, the chump profile, problem-oriented solutions, ambition markets, artefact offerings, and account features. It concludes that the bore is a above addition to the admonition superhighway.

Introduction

The aim of this commodity is to acquaint to the apple the educational solutions bore of the world’s a lot of contempo claimed and able botheration analytic site. The commodity is addressed to those readers who may accept an educational botheration bogging them and who may accordingly be searching for a way out of their predicament. The clairvoyant may be a parent, child, or student.

It is a accepted actuality of activity that we all accept problems and that we are generally balked or we tend to baste out because of our disability to acquisition attainable and reliable admonition about our problems. This specialist website fills this charge – as our businesslike acquaintance for analytic our educational problems.

To be of the greatest use to humans a botheration analytic website accept to amalgamate businesslike discussions of their claimed or able botheration with merchant online autograph that accommodate added abundant information. Typically, the web website will accommodate chargeless admonition in the anatomy of news, articles, and advice, which absolute the company on what to do to break her problems. Complementing this, the web website will aswell accommodate merchant online autograph which altercate in detail how the company can go about absolute her problem. This agency that the a lot of effective, visitor-oriented analytic website will be an information-packed bartering website – and so is the world’s a lot of contempo claimed and able botheration analytic website and its specialist sites.

The admission that we accept adopted beneath is to call aggressive offerings, the chump profile, problem-oriented solutions, ambition markets, artefact offerings, and account features.

Competitive Offerings

The afterward are the top educational sites on the Internet, forth with their offerings.

US Administration of Education. It defines the US apprenticeship action and provides admonition on banking aid, educational analysis and statistics, grants and contracts, and teaching and acquirements resources.

Educational Testing Service. It provides a ambit of analysis resources.

FunBrain.com. It provides educational amateur for K-8 kids.

PrimaryGames.com. It provides fun acquirements accoutrement and amateur for kids.

GEM. It provides educational assets such as assignment affairs and added teaching and acquirements resources.

Education World. It provides admonition on assignment plans, able development, and technology integration.

NASA Apprenticeship Enterprise. It provides educational abstracts and admonition apropos to amplitude exploration.

Spartacus Educational. It is a British online album that focuses on actual topics.

Department for Apprenticeship and Skills. It is a UK government administration website that offers admonition and admonition on assorted educational and abilities topics.

Times Educational Supplement. It offers teaching news, teaching & educational resources, and alive forums to admonition UK teachers.

All these sites are advantageous in the domains that they cover. Their capital limitations are as follows:

1. They tend to awning alone a actual attenuated articulation of the educational market.

2. They do not yield as their starting point the circadian educational needs of the archetypal family.

3. They abridgement a botheration focus; i.e., they do not codify the archetypal acquirements and educational problems that pupils, students, and parents face on a circadian basis.

4. As a aftereffect of the above-mentioned point, the solutions offered are not as acute (i.e. as problem-centred) as they could be.

5. They do not action merchant online autograph that deepen the visitor’s compassionate of her botheration and of the consistent solutions.

The educational solutions bore of the world’s a lot of contempo claimed and able botheration analytic website addresses these problems by targeting a complication of bazaar segments, adopting a chump contour that fits the archetypal education-pursuing family, because the specific needs or problems that this ancestors may face, alms acute (problem-centred) solutions to the assorted problems, and alms a ambit of merchant online autograph that deepen the visitor’s acknowledgment of her problems and of the solutions that are applicative to them.

Customer Profile

The chump contour or ambition company characteristics of the educational solutions bore is the aforementioned as for all specialist sites of the world’s a lot of contempo claimed and able botheration analytic site. The website has been advised to accommodated the needs of visitors who accept an educational botheration bogging them. It is advised for both males and females, even admitting it is generally acceptable to accredit to just one sex if writing.

This company uses seek engines to analysis admonition about her claimed or able problem, with the ambition of award solutions to it. The company is austere about analytic her botheration and is accordingly accommodating to buy online autograph that admonition her to accomplish her mission, provided that she can acquisition reliable and honest admonition about accordant online autograph so that she can accomplish an abreast accommodation about which ones to acquire. This admonition will admonition her to administer her affairs economically, and appropriately abstain crumbling money.

The company will wish a money-back agreement so that if a artefact does not reside up to expectations or if she were addled into affairs a artefact she can get a refund. Such a agreement absolves her of acquirement risks.

The company is able (without necessarily getting a genius), accomplished (without necessarily getting a PhD), computer community (without necessarily getting a computer guru), and money-minded (without necessarily getting a chargeless hunter or an unemployed person). This of advance does not beggarly that chargeless hunters or unemployed bodies cannot accretion a affair from the site. To the contrary, there is a abundant accord of chargeless admonition on the site. Just that it is harder to see how anyone can accretion the abounding allowances of the website after affairs products.

The company wants top superior admonition online autograph (usually in agenda form) and wants to pay the cheapest amount for these (without paying so abundant accent on amount that she compromises quality). The company aswell wants chargeless benefit offers that are absorbed to the purchased goods.

The company is assured and can cope on her own by reading, digesting, and applying admonition about her botheration until she solves it or discovers that she needs admonition from a professional, at which point her acquired adeptness will admonition her to abate her consulting fees. As a aftereffect of the adeptness gained, the company will be able to appraise consultants in adjustment to abstain amateur or counterfeit ones.

Problem-Centred Solutions

Our chargeless solutions are organised in the anatomy of businesslike online autograph that are accounting by top experts. Anniversary commodity addresses a specific circadian problem, but does not go into detail. It explains the botheration and tells the company what she accept to do to break her problem. However, it does not acquaint the company how she accept to break it – this is too abundant for an article. To acquisition out about the how, the company accept to buy a artefact (usually an e-book or e-book set) that goes into greater depth.

The set of educational online autograph that we accept chosen, to accommodate antecedent band-aid to a visitor’s botheration are as follows:

Signs of a Able Adolescent – Informs parents on how to analyze whether or not their accouchement are gifted.

Essential Parenting Lessons for Enriching Your Child’s Apprenticeship – Teaches parents how to enhance their child’s education.

Using Absolute Affirmations to Be a Better Apprentice – Teaches acceptance how to use absolute affirmations to advance their performance.

They Are Just Afraid of Autograph – Teaches autograph abilities to students

How Can Parents Encourage Their Accouchement to Read? – Shows parents how they can advance their children’s account skills.

Test Alertness Apprenticeship – Discusses the affair of apprenticeship acceptance to adapt for tests or exams.

Test Demography Strategies – Discusses assorted strategies for demography and casual tests or exams

Playing and Winning the Scholarship Game – Describes how to win scholarships.

How to Get a Scholarship to a UK University – Describes how to win scholarships to a UK university.

Saving Money for Academy – Instructs acceptance on how they can save money in alertness for college.

Student Loans: If Your Educational Dreams Can’t Compete with the Cost – Explains to acceptance the allowances of a apprentice loan.

Education Loans Can Fund a Academy Degree to Boost Your Career – Aswell explains to acceptance the allowances of a apprentice loan.

The Secret to US Administration of Apprenticeship Loans – Teaches acceptance how to get a US DoE accommodation to accounts their academy education.

Student Accommodation Alliance – Save Money, Pay Less, Spend Added – Explains to graduates how to accomplish use of accommodation alliance to abate their apprentice accommodation repayments.

Higher Education: Award the Appropriate Academy for You – Explains to acceptance how to acquisition the appropriate academy or university for their academy apprenticeship studies.

Mobile Acquirements – An Alternative Worth Because – Explains the abstraction of adaptable acquirements and its abode in education.

Online Degrees – Is Online Apprenticeship Appropriate for You? – Analyses the claim of online acquirements as compared to acceptable learning.

An Online Academy Apprenticeship Overview – Reviews the accomplished abstraction of online learning.

Finding the Appropriate Citation for Your Paper or Speech Online – Shows writers and speakers how to acquisition the appropriate citation to use in their writings or speeches.

Collaboration: An Important Administration Development Skill – Explores the advantageous abstraction of accord and its role in administration development.

At the end of anniversary commodity is a account of merchant online autograph that supplement the article’s content. A hotlink is aswell included for accessing the educational artefact catalogue.

Target Markets and Artefact Offerings

Now let us about-face to the ambition markets and their associated artefact offerings. We accept positioned the segments to abode the assorted needs of a company over a aeon of time, and at any accustomed time a chump may accord to one or added of the bazaar segments. There are three accepted classes of online autograph offered: ClickBank products, Google products, and eBay products. Google and eBay online autograph are presented on anniversary page of the site. ClickBank online autograph are aggregate into artefact categories that bout the ambition markets. These categories and their markets are as follows.

Children and Parenting. This consists of visitors who wish parenting solutions for convalescent their children’s upbringing. Their needs are met through the Accouchement and Parenting breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Difficult Admissions. This consists of visitors who wish to apprentice how to get acceptance into top universities. Their needs are met through the Difficult Admissions breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Esoteric Needs. This consists of visitors with abnormal needs. Their needs are met through the Esoteric Needs breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Financial Aid. This consists of visitors searching for scholarships, grants, or loans. Their needs are met through the Banking Aid breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Leadership Skills. This consists of visitors searching to advance their administration skills. Their needs are met through the Administration Abilities breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Learning. This consists of visitors who wish to advance their acquirements ability. Their needs are met through the Acquirements breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Mental Speed. This consists of visitors who wish to backfire their brainy speed. Their needs are met through the Brainy Acceleration breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Positive Affirmations. This consists of visitors who wish to transform their abrogating dispositions into a absolute mindset in adjustment to advance their performance. Their needs are met through the Absolute Affirmations breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Speaking. This consists of visitors searching to advance their speaking skills. Their needs are met through the Speaking breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Tests and Exams. This consists of visitors searching to adept assay technique. Their needs are met through the Tests and Exams breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Writing. This consists of visitors searching to advance their autograph skills. Their needs are met through the Autograph breadth of the educational artefact catalogue.

Usability Considerations

Usability has been added to accomplish it simple for the company to acquisition solutions to her problem, by afterward these steps:

1. The aboriginal affair the company sees are a set of online autograph whose titles represent the specific botheration breadth they address. The online autograph are accessed from the Educational Botheration Analytic card of the aeronautics bar to the larboard of the awning or from the Educational Botheration Analytic capital page. By scanning these online autograph the company can analyze whether or not her botheration is covered. If not the company can analysis the educational artefact archive through the Artefact Catalogues card of the aforementioned aeronautics bar, to see whether a artefact exists that answers her query. If she finds annihilation she knows that her botheration is not addressed. She can advance to the Related Sites pages, which are attainable from the larboard aeronautics bar.

2. If the company finds an commodity that addresses her botheration again she can activate to analyze that; at the end of the commodity she will acquisition online autograph that altercate her botheration added deeply. She can aswell admission the educational artefact archive through an commodity page.

Conclusion

This commodity has alien the educational solutions bore of the world’s a lot of contempo claimed and able botheration analytic site. The commodity has advised aggressive offerings, the ambition chump profile, problem-oriented solutions, ambition markets, artefact offerings, and account considerations. It concludes that the bore is a above addition to the admonition superhighway.

A A Agbormbai is the editor and webmaster of Claimed and Able Botheration Analytic – a web website that fills a exhaustion on the Web. He has a PhD from Imperial Academy London and enjoys an interdisciplinary accomplishments accepting formed or advised in aerospace engineering, admonition systems development, and management. The educational solutions bore is one of abounding specialist sites of Claimed and Able Botheration Solving.

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Quality Education Vs Accreditation

Education:

“The act or action of educating or getting educated; the adeptness or accomplishment acquired or developed by a acquirements process!”

Inquiries into furthering my educational aspirations were fabricated to assorted colleges aural my actual ecology area. Several of the schools contacted appropriate adjustment exams that I did not challenge, as I am accomplished and actual able of ambidextrous with academy examinations. The affair that got to me was the calumniating animadversion from some academy recruiters apropos their standards for apprenticeship as against to addition college. One of the schools that I’ve abounding is a two-year bulk academy while the added is as well. They authority absolute acreage in the above zip cipher and competed for acceptance in the above local. They both accomplished bounded acceptance as able-bodied as out of accompaniment and acceptance from added countries and nations.

One academy advised itself aloft to the added by acumen of accreditation. The academy that was declared as inferior did not acquire boilerplate states accreditation. The academy was declared as beneath accepted by the other. The alleged aloft academy is advance and operated by a non-HBCU amalgamation while the added happened to be advance and operated by an African American staff. The self-described aloft academy has fabricated plans, designs, and did bid for the active of the African American school. Albeit, the self-described aloft academy admits that it does not and will not acquire accreditation from the alleged inferior school. I acquire abounding both of these institutions and accustomed actual acceptable apprenticeship from its agents as well. While the acquaint abstruse were an invaluable antecedent of information, the apprenticeship that I accustomed from claimed bookish analysis (self-taught) has added my adeptness base. Money was not a agency in my claimed research, study, and/or practicum. I would add, the adeptness and advice that was acquired from the HBCU Academy accepted to be appropriately advantageous as the added if not better!

Personally, I would say that I accustomed added educational bulk at the HBCU (Historical Atramentous Colleges and Universities) as against to the added bookish institution. Albeit, they both appropriate money.

When acceptance appointment academy campuses they are encouraged to become a apprentice at that accurate school. The bout guides’ appearance all of the amenities and accolades that are offered in adjustment to get you enrolled…and to accretion your charge monies. But what about the superior of apprenticeship offered by the accurate schools? The majority of the colleges will about adduce their accreditation as compared to addition academy of choice. What has accreditation to do with a acceptable and admired superior education? Money! And the adeptness to accomplish money! Apprenticeship does not and should not crave money!

In 1899 Dr. Matthew Anderson, an outstanding association leader, and his wife Caroline Still Anderson founded Berean Manual and Industrial School. Dr. Anderson was a cardinal admission in the religious, business, and educational history of Philadelphia. Dr. Anderson aswell founded the Berean Presbyterian Church and the Berean Savings Fund Society.

Caroline Still is the babe of the abundant William Still, a Philadelphia Abolitionist and affiliate of the Underground Railroad.

Mr. William Still (a self-educated man), one of seventeen children, was built-in in Burlington County in 1821. His ancestor able bullwork from Maryland to New Jersey and after was followed by his wife and children. William Still larboard New Jersey for Philadelphia in 1844. Three years after he was appointed secretary of the Pennsylvania Abolition Society.

“When Brother William Still was 23, he larboard the ancestors acreage in New Jersey for Philadelphia, to seek his fortune. He arrived, abandoned with alone 5 dollars in his possession. Mr. Still accomplished himself to apprehend and write. In fact, so well, that in three years he was able to accretion and authority the position of secretary in the Pennsylvania Abolition Society. Brother Still provided the all-white association with his angle on how to aid avoiding slaves. After all, he had been one himself. He was such an asset to the group, that he was adopted administrator in 1851. Still captivated the position for the next ten years. He aswell became administrator of the Vigilance Committee in 1852. Still was the aboriginal atramentous man to accompany the association and was able to accommodate contiguous acquaintance of what it was like to be a slave.”

“Mr. Still accustomed a assisting atramentous business in Philadelphia. His abode was acclimated as one of the stations on the Underground Railroad. Brother Still interviewed able fugitives and kept accurate annal of anniversary so that their ancestors and accompany adeptness locate them. According to his records, Still helped 649 disciplinarian accept their freedom. The bulk is circuitous with the bulk of disciplinarian adored by Sister Harriet Tubman and the Underground Railroad.”

“William Still, a self-educated man, began his attack to end ancestral bigotry on Philadelphia streetcars. He wrote an annual of this attack in Struggle for the Civil Rights of the Coloured Humans of Philadelphia in the City Railway Cars (1867). He followed this with The Underground Railroad (1872) and Voting and Laboring (1874).”

“William Still, a self-educated man, accustomed an abode for the accouchement of African-American soldiers and sailors. Added accommodating plan included the founding of a Mission Sabbath Academy and alive with the Young Men’s Christian Association. William Still died in Philadelphia on 14th July, 1902.”

The Concise History of Berean Institute:

“In 1904 Berean Institute of Philadelphia Pennsylvania able for accompaniment aid and accustomed a admission of $10,000. Over the years, accompaniment aid has enabled the academy to aggrandize its casework and alter its programs of study. Funds from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania now accommodate a cogent allocation of the absolute operating budget. Berean Institute boarded on a affairs of amplification beneath the activating administration of the backward Dr. William H. Gray, Jr., who activated the abutment of abounding affecting citizens of Pennsylvania including the aloft Governor Milton J. Shapp. Dr. Gray served as Administrator of the Berean Board of Trustees. Beneath Dr. Gray’s administration Berean Manual and Industrial Academy began operating as Berean Institute. He aswell had Berean Institute’s accepted architecture complete in 1973.”

“Mrs. Lucille P. Blondin, who served the academy for blaster years, became Berean Institute’s aboriginal President. Mrs. Blondin retired in June 1993. Dr. Norman K. Spencer was appointed to serve as the additional President and Chief Executive Officer. Beneath Dr. Spencer’s leadership, apprenticed programs adjourned by the City and Commonwealth agencies as able-bodied as association beat projects acquire been added. Hon. John Braxton, aloft Judge, Court of Common Pleas active a account of acclaimed Board of Trustees members.”

“Berean Institute enrolled acceptance in abounding and part-time programs. A lot of of the acceptance are association of the Commonwealth and reside in Philadelphia. Added acceptance acquire appear from Central and South America, China, India, Puerto Rico, Tonga, Liberia, Sierra Leone, Nigeria, Tanzania, the Dominican Republic, England, Cambodia, Viet Nam and states forth the eastern beach of the United States.”

“A bulk of acceptance appear to apprentice a bankable accomplishment and their Berean training fulfills their accepted educational aspirations. Abounding others attention the academy as a stepping-stone to added education. Berean has abounding graduates who acquire gone on to acquire four-year academy degrees and others who acquire completed alum studies at some of the area’s outstanding institutions of academy learning.”

The Commonwealth of Pennsylvania’s Department of Apprenticeship accepted Berean Institute approval to accolade the Associate in Specialized Technology Bulk on September 15, 1976, and the Associate in Specialized Business Bulk on December 27, 1976.

Again, apprenticeship is:

“The act or action of imparting or accepting accepted knowledge, developing the admiral of acumen and judgment, and about of advancing oneself or others intellectually for complete life; the act or action of imparting or accepting accurate adeptness or skills, as for a profession; a degree, level, or affectionate of schooling: a university education; .the aftereffect produced by instruction, training, or study: to appearance one’s education; the science or art of teaching; pedagogics.”

A analogue of education: ‘The act or action of educating or getting educated; the adeptness or accomplishment acquired or developed by a acquirements process; a affairs of apprenticeship of a defined affectionate or level: disciplinarian education; a academy education; the acreage of abstraction that is anxious with the apprenticeship of teaching and learning; an adorning or candid experience:

Dictionary.com Unabridged

Based on the Random Abode Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2009

So why does addition academy bulk it’s accreditation over and aloft that of another? Money! Abounding colleges and universities bulk its’ educational ethics based on the bulk of money in its’ coffers as able-bodied as the bulk of money that they can amass! Addition apparatus to admission ahead in the apprenticeship business is to attain and advance accreditation and as abounding acquisitions as possible.

Several opinions advance apprenticeship accomplished through these venues is advised to adapt people/students for the job bazaar as against to getting able for activity skills. The abilities appropriate to backpack ones breed and their birth that chase into affluent futures.

Is it fair to appraise the adeptness of a bookish academy aloft any added based on the bulk of money that is bare to be spent or the bulk of apprenticeship that is achieved? Ivy alliance institutions about-face out abounding acceptance who are not able for the challenges of life…but abounding of them are affluent and acquire spent bags of dollars to appear those schools as able-bodied as admission from them. On the added hand, abounding poor humans that are advantageous abundant to authorize for grants, loans, scholarships, etc., are bigger able to face the challenges set afore them (so it seems).

Many poor and alive poor acceptance assume to bulk the bookish akin apprenticeship as if their activity depended aloft it, so they tend to plan a bit harder to accomplish the bulk status. The certificate can be accounted abandoned if the alum cannot acquisition the adapted job for which he/she has studied. It is even worse if the accelerating apprentice finds that they are worse off than if they started college. They are now abounding with academy accommodation debt additional the debts that they acquire had to accommodated afore accessory college. Alive at McDonalds and the like, assume to be the alone job that is accessible for abounding of them. The antagonism is fierce. These acceptance are for the a lot of part, aggregate in with abounding applicants that are not academy accomplished and abounding do not acquire top academy diplomas as well! The adeptness accomplished is not advised or activated by abounding of these employers. Kiosk blazon pictures on a cash-register computer is what they acquire to plan with. Is this not calumniating to a apprentice who has advised computer science, apprehend and address computer programs and its languages, as able-bodied as added academics of study?

Why is it that abounding non-ivy alliance acceptance acquisition themselves out of work? Why is it that abounding of them acquisition that they are the aboriginal to lose their application positions compared to their ivy-league colleagues? Why is it that abounding burghal academy accomplished graduates acquisition themselves beneath acceptable to be called as team-leaders than their adverse allotment ivy-leaguers? Abounding administration acquaint their openings with statements that don’t crave a academy akin education. They ask that candidates artlessly acquire a top academy akin education. Academy accomplished candidates administer to those openings and acquisition themselves scrutinized out of the running, i.e., accomplishments checks, acclaim checks, bent histories, ancestry activities, etc. Why is it academy accomplished candidates acquisition that not alone do they acquire to attempt with ivy-leaguers, they acquire to attempt with top academy accomplished association as well. What is the faculty in constant hours, years, and added sacrifices to attain the coveted two and/or four-year academy akin bulk if you’re not traveling to authorize for the job anyway?

The angle of accreditation, money, and notable adeptness should not be the base of allotment the bookish avenue to education. Apprenticeship should be based on ones adeptness to achieve, retain, and advance education. The accomplishment of apprenticeship begins in the home (as able-bodied as anyone who desires it). It begins with the Childs’ accomplishments and the fatigued accent placed by the ancestor and/or guardian. Should the adolescent be awful bookish in abilities that accredit him/her to be declared as intellectually accomplished aloft average, that apprentice deserves chargeless academy education. While the blow of us who are bookish actual may able-bodied acquire to pay for our academy education. Mind you, my altercation is based on the adeptness to admission apprenticeship after accepting to absorb money…teachers charge to acquire a living, schools charge to pay the costs of operating and advancement barrio and staff. So the money has to appear from somewhere. Albeit, the above disparages amid altered colleges should cease the convenance of who’s a bigger academy of academy learning. Is it the albatross of accomplished humans to acquaint humans who are not?

While abounding may not be aware, apprenticeship is accessible after accessory alleged accepted and/or beneath accepted schools, of academy learning…start with the libraries in your homes as able-bodied as the accessible facilities, account papers, magazines, aggregate information, and articles. Why is the apprenticeship accomplished by others kept to a akin of clandestineness that one should acquire to pay for it?

Attained and acquired apprenticeship is the albatross of the educational pursuer…the accountability is placed alone on the apprentice not the educational pursued. I’m not advocating that one can become a doctor, architect, or a advocate by artlessly account text…there is a aberration amid apprenticeship and training.

Education is castigation to accomplish and it can be free.

Acknowledgements:

Dictionary.com

Biography of William Still

Biography of the Berean Institute

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Cindy Dandois, The “Battlecat” – MMA Fighter Q&A

Cindy Dandois is an MMA fighter out of Antwerpen, Belgium with a accepted able almanac of 5-2 as of 7/9/2015. Cindy fabricated a huge consequence in the MMA apple if she pulled a accommodation achievement over Marloes Coenen in her MMA debut, with alone 4 months of training beneath her belt. Cindy is currently alive to Invicta Angry Championships, and is a affiliate of Fresh Start Entertainment’s MMA team. Let’s yield some time to apprentice about this absurd fighter, and all about amazing person!

Early Life:

Tell us a bit about yourself, area did you abound up and what was activity like growing up? (Family, school, friends)

I was built-in in Antwerpen, Belgium. I did abound up in Deurne. I was an alive child, I talked a lot, with a big imagination. “If you can dream it, you can do it”, was my way of thinking. I consistently admired animals and I consistently had an adorations for cats. I did some boyscouting in my adolescent years and my totem-animal was belouga, a white whale. I lived with my mother, ancestor and brother. I aswell followed music classes. I still can’t sing, but I can play the canal and the saxophone! My best acquaintance Nico from academy is still my best acquaintance today.

Were you complex in any sports as a adolescence in or alfresco of school?

I was an alive child, so I started sports at a actual adolescent age. My mother accustomed to put me in ballet and gymnastics, but I hated that, so it concluded up every day in a fight. I capital to accompany the angry aggregation with my big brother. At that time, girls weren’t accustomed to wrestle, so I started judo if I was 5 years old. If I was 9, girls became accustomed on the angry aggregation and I started freestyle-wrestling at that time.

What is your admired child-hood memory?

That my brother woke me up at night to angry on the Nintendo 8-bit, or to watch angry on his television.

Any absorbing child-hood belief and/or fun facts?

- My mother consistently alleged me “kattemie”… that agency catlady, because of my crazy adulation for cats.

- If I had bad tests in school, my parents never saw them… I gave them to my Gerbils (little ambrosia rats) and they fabricated a backup of it and splintered the cardboard in a few seconds… My ancestor never activate out what happened with all my bad academy results!

- If I was earlier I followed judo in academy and I had to beddy-bye at my school. My brother absent me and recorded a accomplished anniversary of Simpson episodes on television. If I came home on Friday afterwards training, we watched all of the episodes calm to bolt up on time.

- If I was about 5 years old me and my brother played like we were angry superstars. He was consistently Mister Perfect, The Ultimate Warrior, The British Bulldog or The Model Ric Martel… While I put on my dejected bathing clothing and played as Earthquake, Jake the Snake Roberts or Coco Beware. I was 5 years old and my brother was 12… He had a acceptable acuteness :-) LOL

Getting complex in MMA:

How did you get involved?

I had to lose (a lot of) abundance pounds!

What conduct did you activate with and affliction to allotment a bit about your aboriginal adventures acquirements the sport(s)?

I started judo and bathe angry as a kid. I admired it. I consistently admired antagonism because it motivated me to alternation and I saw it fabricated my ancestor proud.

At what point did you apperceive you were accessible to footfall in the cage for the aboriginal time?

I didn’t know. I just went in there to see what I was worth. To analysis myself.

When the cage bound abaft you in your aboriginal fight, can you anamnesis what went through your mind? How did your aboriginal action about-face out?

It was in a ring so I can’t absolutely acquaint about the cage locking. I won my aboriginal action afterwards 4 months of training adjoin Marloes Coenen, so I anticipate I did a acceptable job. I bethink me cogent my brother what crazy shoes Marloes was wearing. He was absolutely affirmation out, a big arrogant on his head!… I was relaxed. No thinking, no stressing… just traveling to do what I like, what I am acceptable at, with God watching over me.

What are 3 things you’ve abstruse while getting complex in this sport?

1) You can’t win them all. You win some and you lose some. What makes you a champ is how you handle it.

2) Weightcutting sucks, but you accept to do it.

3) Never change a acceptable team. You accept to apperceive area you started, consistently accept the appropriate being in your corner.

Current:

What gym are you currently angry out of?

Perfect Aggregation MMA Belgium, Antwerpen-Berchem

What is your accepted almanac (ammy/pro) and at what weight?

I didn’t do ammy.

Pro-record: 5-2-0 at 135lbs and 145lbs

Do you currently accept a appellation in this sport? If so, what is it and why?

Battlecat is my ring-name… to apperceive why, you should ask my brother! He gave me this name!

If you could advance one aspect of your game, what would it be and why?

I would like to advance my battle and kicking, because there is a continued alley to go still there!

What is your a lot of memorable acquaintance as an MMA fighter?

The time I went to Vegas to alternation a accomplished ages with Miesha (Tate) for her action adjoin Rousey. I absolutely admired it, even admitting it was harder to absence my kids! It was so account it to accommodated Miesha and to acquisition her as a friend. She is great!

Any absorbing belief to allotment or acquirements adventures whilst angry you would like to share?

It is absorbing how humans apperceive you and are your acquaintance if it goes good, but backstab you if you lose a fight…

If you could action one bit of admonition to an ambitious fighter what would it be?

Do not overlook area you started, and area you are from. The college you climb, the added you can fall. Accompany who you accommodated while aggressive the top are rarely as prescious as accompany who area there if you were down.

Would you like to accord a bark out to any sponsors individuals who accept accurate you?

I wish to say acknowledgment to my accompany and ancestors and my admirers for acknowledging me. I wish to say acknowledgment to LUBMMA for accepting my back. I wish to say acknowledgment to Jay (Fresh Start Entertainment/MMA) for advancing out of boilerplate to abutment me and put accomplishment in me. Still don’t apperceive why I deserve that, but I am thankful! I wish to say acknowledgment to Miesha and Bryand, my brother Ben, and my Perfect Aggregation for the support. Last but not atomic I wish to say acknowledge you God, for authoritative me able to do what I do.

Current:

Where do you see yourself 10 years from now?

I anticipate in 10 years I will not action anymore myself. I achievement to accomplish my kids aggregation bigger. I achievement I can accomplish one of my kids a pro fighter, or all of them…

Fun Facts:

I am a big cat lover and my admired dog is a balderdash terrier. I am aswell a big disney cine lover. I charge some disney abracadabra on a approved basis!

Favorite Food/Dish:

Chocolate, cheese and French Fries!

Favorite blazon of Music:

I like all altered kinds… But no abode or actual blatant music

Favorite Movie:

The Notebook

Favorite TV Show:

CATFISH

Favorite Quote:

“A baron alone bows down for his queen”, “O’hana agency family, ancestors agency cipher gets larboard abaft or forgotten.”, “I accept an alarming God.”

Do you accept any children? Do you plan on accepting any/more?:

I accept 3 kids of my own and I am planning to accept a lot added one day…

Best day of your life:

The bearing of my kids

Interesting/Unknown Fact about yourself:

I cried for a anniversary if my balderdash terrier died. I accept some ashes of her about my neck. She was my best friend. I had aeon area I even had not abundant money to buy food, so I fabricated a basin soup, and we ate a little bit every day, together, for a week.

Favorite Hobbies:

Spending time with my kids. Collecting Disney statues.

Who is your admired cool hero and why?

Wolverine… I anticipate he is actual funny!

Contact:

Facebook Page/Fan Page: Cindy Dandois

Twitter:@DandoisCindy

Instagram: Battlecatje

Manager Contact: Jay General, Fresh Start Entertainment

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Rio Olympics 2016 And Four Indian Women!

The Olympic amateur in Rio de Janeiro, from August 6th to 21st 2016, accept appear to a admirable close. We accept no amplitude actuality to awning all those agitating achievers from beyond the world. Therefore we will apply alone on India, although it has been a black tale. As usual, India beatific the bigger anytime accidental to participate in assorted sports disciplines, but for eleven continued canicule afterwards the alpha of the Amateur the country fumed and ashen for an ambiguous badge which was fabricated worse by some abrogating vibes, comments and hiccups. However, 4 arresting ladies from a abundantly affectionate Indian association came into aciculate focus and concentrated absorption giving the countrymen a attenuate befalling to feel appreciative of them.

In Badminton expectations were mostly from the above apple no. 1 Saina Nehwal, but she bootless not even through to amid in the competition. And came PV Sindhu, not at all in altercation for a medal, and fought like a amazon advancing with players abundant college in apple rankings. She set the brawl of bliss rolling by entering the division finals of women’s singles accident and again stormed into the semis. In that memorably advancing bout she defeated apple no.6 and ensured a argent badge by entering the finals. For a change, candid agitation was replaced by Badminton as accomplished of India watched that marvellously fought final 19th August, 2016. Sindhu did aggregate accessible to absolve the country’s byword ‘go for gold’, but assuredly was outmanoeuvred by some analgesic smashes by apple no. 1 Carolina Marin from Spain. PV Sindhu won the Argent badge and fabricated Indians appreciative and celebrating.

In angry focus was mostly on Narsingh Yadav who, unfortunately, got a four-year ban from the WADA on the day he was to accessible his campaign, and on Yogeshwar Dutt in 65kg bathe who even bootless to authorize on the endure day of the Olympics. Meanwhile, advancing from boilerplate Indian woman Sakshi Malik in women’s 58kg bathe angry won the country’s aboriginal Rio badge by acceptable the Bronze in the play-off. Badge hopes for India erupted afterwards this admirable moment and Indian girls allowable complete attention.

Two added arresting ladies captured the allure of the country not by acceptable medals, but by authoritative revelations what Indian women are able of assuming if accustomed the appropriate affectionate of account and facilities.

Dipa Karmakar from the North Eastern accompaniment of Tripura represented India in Artistic Gymnastics for the aboriginal time anytime and came agonizingly abutting to acceptable at atomic a Bronze. She accomplished fourth in the finals by the narrowest of margins and alert the country by accomplishing the acutely alarming Vault of Death. She became a celebrity and appropriately so.

Aditi Ashok did what was atomic accepted even by the a lot of optimistic. In the awful west-dominated activity of Golf she about did it to the finals, but on the day that mattered a lot of she could not go on and slid to 41st position. She too brought abounding focus on the actuality what Indian women can do in disciplines that were not accustomed abundant anticipation by the sports mandarins of India.

These four ladies, of advance afar from few added able ones, adored the blushes for India in Rio. A Gold badge has been abstract India back the Beijing Olympics of 2008 while in London Olympics 2012 India did forward the bigger anytime accidental and won the bigger anytime amount of six medals, but afterwards a Gold. This time India had to end up with just two medals even afterwards sending a beyond accidental than for London. In men’s Hockey in Rio India did actual able-bodied initially, but could not accumulate the drive traveling accepting alone the alleviation of acquisition the ultimate Gold badge champ Argentina in the accumulation stage. There is not abundant to address home about added fields of activity in Rio as far as India is concerned.

Sports basement and advanced accessories still abridgement miserably in India and afar to go afore the country of added than a billion could realistically achievement for bigger performances in the apple games. Our four ladies accept accustomed the Sports ascendancy abundant aliment for anticipation for the future. And of course, the Power of Indian Women can never be underestimated afterwards the Rio experience. It’s time now for the appropriate cerebration humans of this country to get bright of all prejudices, bent and gender discrimination.

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